"O L-RD, Who are my power and my strength and my refuge in the day of trouble, to You nations will come from the ends of the earth and say, 'Only lies have our fathers handed down to us, emptiness in which there is nothing of any avail! Can a man make gods for himself, and they are no gods? 'Therefore, behold I let them know; at this time I will let them know My power and My might, and they shall know that My Name is the L-RD".
Jeremiah 16:19-21

by Sophiee

Jesus was not a messiah – by the very definition of the word. The noun מָשִֽׁיחַ (moshiach aka anointed one) occurs 34 times in the T’nach. It has to do with a special type of anointment with a particular oil for kings — and this was never done with Jesus. Jesus was never a moshiach — and he did not have the “birth right” to be a rightful king of the Jews.

The Hebrew word מָשִֽׁיחַ (moshiach) is inseparable with the concept of a very special “oil”. There is a very special mixture of spice and olive oil that was used for “anointing” is three times called שֶֽׁמֶן מִשְׁחַת קֹדֶשׁ shemen mish’ḥat kodesh (“Oil of Anointment of Sanctity”) in the passage Exodus 30:22-33 which gives the formula for making the “Anointing Oil” and the regulations on how to use it:

Exodus 30:22 “G-d spoke to Moses, saying: 30:23 You must take the finest fragrances, 500 [shekels] of distilled myrrh, [two] half portions, each consisting of 250 [shekels] of fragrant cinnamon and 250 [shekels] of fragrant cane, 30:24 and 500 shekels of cassia, all measured by the sanctuary standard, along with a gallon of olive oil. 30:25 Make it into sacred anointing oil. It shall be a blended compound, as made by a skilled perfumer, [made especially for] the sacred anointing oil. . . 30:31 Speak to the Israelites and tell them, ‘This shall be the sacred anointing oil to Me for all generations. 30:32 Do not pour it on the skin of any [unauthorized] person, and do not duplicate it with a similar formula. It is holy, and it must remain sacred to you. 30:33 If a person blends a similar formula, or places it on an unauthorized person, he shall be cut off [spiritually] from his people.”

Notice that if this particular oil is not used the person is cut off from the Jewish people and from G-d. Jesus was NEVER anointed with this special oil. Notice if it is place on an unauthorized person that person will also be cut off (someone wrongly anointed). Since Jesus was never anointed with this שֶֽׁמֶן מִשְׁחַת קֹדֶשׁ shemen mish’ḥat kodesh (“Oil of Anointment of Sanctity”) he could in no way be a messiah and it is wrong to even call him one.

The Hebrew word מִשְׁחַת (mish’ḥat) is basically the same word as מָשִֽׁיחַ moshiach (a “messiah”). A person cannot, therefore, be “anointed” (in the sense that this word is used in the Scriptures) with water, or with a dove, or with “holy spirit”, or with anything else apart from the compound of spices and olive oil that is specified in the passage I referred to a moment ago—without the “Anointing Oil”, there is no מִשְׁחָה mish’ḥah (“anointment”).

Secondly, although it is often claimed that the expression “anointed one” applies to priests as well as kings, in fact only the very FIRST generation of kohanim (priests) Moses’ elder brother Aaron and the latter’s four sons Nadav, Avihu, El’azar and Itamar) were actually anointed personally; it was unnecessary for subsequent generations to undergo the physical procedure individually because the “status” of being “an anointed person” could be inherited by a son from his father.

The same, in fact, was true of the Davidic kings — and personal anointment was only necessary in one of three situations:

• if the succession was contested (as it was by Adoniyahu when King David himself died in 1001BCE, as recorded in 1 Kings 1:5);

• if there was a significant interruption between a king’s death and the accession of his son (as happened in 870 BCE after King Aḥazyahu died and the throne was usurped by Atalyah—see 2 Kings 11:1-3); and

• if a younger son than the heir apparent was crowned as the next king—this happened in 609 BCE when King Yoshiyyahu died and the people’s choice to be the next king was Y’ho’aḥaz (2 Kings 23:30) who was two years younger than his brother Elyakim-Y’hoyakim (see v.31 and v.36); Y’ho’aḥaz, therefore, also needed to be personally anointed (as stated explicitly in verse 30).

And, finally, prophets were not formally “anointed”. Even though G-d tells Éliyyahu in 1 Kings 19:15-16 to go and “anoint” Ḥaza’él as king of Aram (Syria), Yéhu as king of Israel (the Northern Kingdom), and Ĕlisha as his own successor, He does not tell Éliyyahu to take a supply of “Anointing Oil” with him (as He had done, for example, when He sent Samuel to anoint David in 1 Samuel 16:1) and, indeed, as none of the three people Éliyyahu was to “anoint” was a king of Y’hudah, none of them was eligible to receive it. And when the time came for Éliyyahu to appoint Elisha as his own successor, he didn’t actually “anoint” him at all, but simply threw his coat over the latter’s shoulders (1 Kings 19:19), symbolically transferring his authority to him. It is therefore obvious that Éliyyahu understood what he was to do.

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