"O L-RD, Who are my power and my strength and my refuge in the day of trouble, to You nations will come from the ends of the earth and say, 'Only lies have our fathers handed down to us, emptiness in which there is nothing of any avail! Can a man make gods for himself, and they are no gods? 'Therefore, behold I let them know; at this time I will let them know My power and My might, and they shall know that My Name is the L-RD".
Jeremiah 16:19-21
By Sophiee
There are various sacrifices on Yom Kippur (there were various sacrifices every single day of the year) — most were peace offerings. On Yom Kippur people brought sacrifices to atone for ritual impurity in the Temple — (this is not being physically clean which was certainly expected — but bathing in a mikvah to be ritually pure). You’ll find all the details for Yom Kippur in Leviticus chapter 16.

Start with Leviticus 16:6 (repeated in 16:11) Aaron shall present his sin offering bull, and make atonement for himself and his household. The high priest presents his PERSONAL sin offering. Now remember – a sin offer (chatat) does not cover all sins. It covers only a “missing of the mark” – when you try to do “right” and miss. The bull was sacrificed for ritual impurity (this means if someone had accidentally entered the Temple without being physically clean and having bathed in a mikvah bath).

The Bull’s blood was sprinkled on the ark cover to atone for the chatat (missing of the mark – accidental sins) of the high priest and his household. It is the blood of the bull which atones for any unintentional sins by the high priest and his household.

If there is some big “blood sacrifice” on Yom Kippur that atoned for everyone – WHY did the high priest have to bring his own personal (paid for by himself) bull as a sin sacrifice? What would be the point?
Leviticus 16:14 He (Aaron) shall take some of the bull’s blood, and, with his forefinger, sprinkle it [once] above the east side of the ark cover. He shall [then] sprinkle with his forefinger seven times [directly] toward the ark cover.

Notice that the ritual is very important. Not only what was killed, but the clothes worn by the high priest and the specific things that had to be done. Why do you think that Jesus being murdered by Romans without any of the ETERNAL requirements for Yom Kippur sacrifice (BTW, Jesus wasn’t killed on Yom Kippur per the Christian bible) – why are these ignored? Why are all the ETERNAL promises and edicts completely thrown out the window and the words “foreshadow” used? How can something ETERNAL be discarded with the words “foreshadow”??

Leviticus 16:4 “He shall wear a holy linen shirt and linen pants shall be upon his flesh, and he shall gird himself with a linen sash and wear a linen cap these are holy garments, [and therefore,] he shall immerse himself in water and don them.”

Why don’t missionaries pay attention to the holy linen, the ritual bath, the bull and so much more? All missionaries ever mention seems to be blood, blood, blood! So let’s get back to the blood on Yom Kippur, shall we?

The blood of the bull for the priests and the blood of the goat for the Israelites atoned for impurities related to the Temple. And a news flash, Jessie, the blood from the goat that was sacrificed was NOT sprinkled on the ark of the covenant.

Leviticus 16:15 He shall then slaughter the people’s sin offering goat, and bring its blood into [the inner sanctuary] beyond the cloth partition. He shall do the same with this blood as he did with the bull’s blood, sprinkling it both above the ark cover and directly toward the ark cover.

It was sprinkled ABOVE the ark cover and TOWARD the ark cover. It was NOT sprinkled ON the ark. This was the ark COVER and not the ark itself

Exodus 25:17 Make a golden cover for the ark, 2 and a half cubits long and 1 and half cubits wide.

So no blood on the ark. Above and toward the ark cover. These are NOT minor details. . .

And YES I am saying that the blood of the first goat AND the blood of the bull were ONLY for the cleansing due to ritual impurity. The Torah tells you this!

Leviticus 16:16 With this (the sprinkling of the bull and goat blood), he (Aaron) will make atonement for the Israelites’ defilement, as well as for their rebellious acts and all their inadvertent misdeeds. He shall then perform [exactly] the same [ritual] in the Communion Tent, which remains with the [Israelites] even when they are unclean.

The Torah says לְכָלחַטֹּאתָם, חַטָּאַת which means an unintentional sin. Here is Rashi’s commentary: “from the defilements of the children of Israel-. [i.e., atoning] for those who, while in [a state of] uncleanness, had entered the Sanctuary, and it never became known to them [that they had been unclean], for it says: לְכָלחַטֹּאתָם, חַטָּאַת denotes an unintentional sin. – [Torath Kohanim 16:42; Shev. 17b]and from their rebellions. [i.e., atoning] also [for] those who, in a state of uncleanness, willfully entered [the Sanctuary, thereby defiling it]. – [Torath Kohanim 16:42; Shev. 17b]He shall do likewise to the Tent of Meeting. i.e., just as he had sprinkled from [the blood of] both [the bull and the he-goat] inside [the Holy of Holies, with] one sprinkling above and seven below, so shall he sprinkle from [the blood of] both [the bull and the he-goat] on the dividing curtain from the outside once above and seven times below. – [Torath Kohanim 16:43; Yoma 56b]which dwells with them, [even] amidst their defilements. Although they are unclean, the Divine Presence is among them.” – [Torath Kohanim 16:43; Yoma 56b]

On Yom Kippur, David, it is the DAY ITSELF THAT ATONES. Not because the Temple does not stand. Not because we cannot “properly observe” Yom Kippur. We do properly observe Yom Kippur — which includes not bringing sacrifices in places G-d does not designate (like hills in Jerusalem where people were murdered by Romans). . . Leviticus 16:34: And all this] shall be for you as a law for all time, so that the Israelites [will be able to] gain atonement for their sins once each year.

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